Lychee Fruit: What is a Lychee and How to Eat One

When I first came across a lychee fruit I had no idea what it was or how it tasted. And the fact that it looked like a sunburnt strawberry got me thinking: what is a lychee, and how do I eat it? As it turns out, lots of people don’t know what lychees are. So, in this article, I’m going to tell you all about lychees, including how to eat lychees, and also introduce you to some delicious lychee-based recipes for you to try at home.

What is a Lychee and how to Eat one
Lychee Fruit

What is a lychee? 

Lychees are a tropical fruit native to Southern China, and a close relative of other, lesser-known Chinese fruits, the rambutan and longan, which are prevalent throughout Southeast Asia. Lychees’ botanical name is Litchi chinesnsis and they are sometimes known as leechee or litchi.

The lychee fruit grows on lychee trees which can grow as tall as 40 feet (12 m) depending on the variety and growing conditions. For home gardeners interested in growing their own lychee tree, there are varieties that grow to a more manageable size of 6.5-16.5 feet (2-5 m) tall.

Lychees Growing on a Tree - What is a Lychee
Lychees Growing on a Tree

You’d be forgiven for mistaking a lychee for a discolored and slightly disfigured strawberry or a large raspberry, but the resemblance stops there. They’re usually the size of a golf ball, shaped either round or oval and when you peel them, they’re milky white inside with a jelly-like constancy. And probably look nothing like you were expecting!

Because of their reddish-pink bumpy skin, lychees are sometimes referred to as ‘alligator strawberries,’ which is an undeniably cool name for a fruit!

What Does a Lychee Taste Like? 

Lychees are sweet with a grape-like texture and taste with a hint of citrus and rose water. This tropical fruit really is delicious!

If you’re trying a lychee for the first time, you might find the slippery jelly-like texture unusual. Also, there’s a pretty sizable seed in the middle of the fruit, so make sure you eat around it.

In China, the lychee is a symbol of romance, and perhaps that’s because once you eat one, you’ll be in love with the taste of lychees!

How to Eat Lychees 

Lychee Fruit Cut in Half - What is a Lychee

The most common way to eat a lychee is fresh by first peeling away the rough-textured outside husk. You can do this by piercing it with your thumbnail and carefully peeling away the inedible skin so that you don’t damage any of the soft white flesh inside.

You’ll find that the husk should slide off almost effortlessly and you will be left with a white ball of fruit. You can then eat the fruit as you like and spit out the seed once you get to the centre.

However, if you’re preparing a lychee to use in a recipe like a salad, you should first peel it and then score it in half to reveal the stone. You should then approach it like you would an avocado, and prise out the stone before slicing the fruit to your liking. Because lychees are very soft, you might tear the fruit if you press down too hard with your knife, so bear this in mind when you’re removing the husk.

Recipe Ideas for Lychees

If you’ve recently discovered lychees and you can’t get enough of them, the great news is that they are versatile and can be enjoyed as part of various seasonal dishes. Let’s take a look at a number of ways you can enjoy lychees at home:

As you can see from the various recipes, lychees are super versatile and can be used in so many ways at home. Because it’s not the most common of fruits, lychees can make for an impressive addition to any dinner party.

What are the Health Benefits of Eating Lychees? 

Like all fruits, lychees are great in moderation. They contain natural antioxidants including Vitamin C and Vitamin B complex.

Eating lychees is known to aid in the production of red blood cells. And thanks to its disease-fighting flavonoids, they are known to inhibit heart disease. More commonly, lychees are high in fiber which supports healthy digestion and suppresses your appetite. Leaving you feeling fuller for longer.

How to Store Lychees 

What is a Lychee Fruit and how to Eat one

Lychee fruits actually ferment as they age. So you need to store them appropriately if you don’t plan on enjoying them right away.

As is the case with most fruits, it’s difficult to know when exactly the lychees were picked. So it’s best to enjoy lychees straight away to benefit from their freshness.

Fresh lychees will have softer skin with a reddish-pink color. Whereas older lychees will start to discolor, becoming brown and the skin will turn brittle.

To keep lychees a little longer, it’s best to store them in the fridge. Do this by wrapping them in a paper towel and placing them inside a zip-lock bag, before storing them in the fridge. This helps to preserve their freshness for up to one week.

If you want to store lychees long term, you can actually freeze them. For best results, place the lychees, with their skin on, in a zip-lock bag and place them in the freezer. To defrost them, simply take them out of the freezer and leave them on the kitchen bench for a couple of hours until they reach room temperature. It’s best not to refreeze them.

TIP: Lychees can be enjoyed frozen. When you peel them and eat them straight out of the freezer, they taste like a delicious lychee sorbet. The perfect way to cool down on a super hot summer’s day! 

Conclusion 

Being a tropical fruit, lychees may not always be so easy to get a hold of. But when they’re out of season, you can still enjoy the canned version to keep you going. Or, as suggested, you could buy them in bulk in season and freeze them until you need to use them, as their freshness can be easily preserved.

Overall, the delicious lychee is an excellent fruit to add to your kitchen, as it is versatile, healthy, and super tasty!

Some of My Favorite Kitchen Items:

Blender for Smoothies

Food Processor

Food Thermometer

Preserving Saucepan

Juicer

Further reading:

Can You Eat Radish Greens? (And How to Eat Them)

Pomelo Fruit: What is a Pomelo and How to Eat One

What is a Lychee

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